Sam Cottage Industries was established in March 2000. Erst-while it was known as Jhelum View Craft, established in March 1965. There are atleast 270 families consisting approximately 500 works who are working with us at our different locations in Kashmir valley. The main aim of our work is to prosper and allow our workers for prosperity. So far as welfare of workers is concerned we take utmost care of our workers and treat each worker as our family member to boost their moral and they too work with their full dedication. They provide their excellent service whole heartedly.
Our entire range of products are produced by the most skilled craftsmen with their many years of experience. Our highly trained & dedicated team of professionals ensure that our products are at par with international standards. We ensure zero tolerance to Compromise in Quality of our Products.
OUR PRODUCTS RANGE INCLUDES:
- Hand made / Hand Knotted Silk & Woollen Carpets / Rugs
- Chain Stitch Silk & Woollen Rugs / Cushion Covers
- Pashmina Shawls / Stoles / Scarves
- Stoles Wool
- Papier Machie Items & walnut wood carving, Items / Furniture
The carpet weaving was first introduced in Kashmir during late 15th Century. According to the world history of Carpet Industry, Mughal King Zain-ul-Abadin (Badshah) brought carpet weavers from Persia to Kashmir to train local in habitants of the Valley, because spinning & weaving was already existing there from early days. Hence Carpet weaving soon flourished in the valley. King Badshah introduced Karkhanas (Factories) for carpet weaving which enabled the craft to flourish. Fortuitous development of Carpet Industry during Maharaja Ranbir Singh time i.e mid 18th Century lead to an enhancement of carpet production. It was in this period that display of most beautiful Mughal Carpet from Kashmir were put up at Crystal Palace Exhibition, London & caught the imagination of the west and it helped to create awareness and appreciation for Kashmir Carpets over the Western Market. Carpet weaving in the valley got a fresh lease of life when European Companies like the East India Co. & C&M Hadow, established Karkhanas (Factories) in the valley & began exporting Carpets to U.K. European Countries, Canada, USA. In the early Twentieth Century, i.e. 1902 due to world recession, the Carpet Industry received a set back till beginning of 1st World War. Both with war and Partition of India the trade & tradition suffered a tremendous set back internally & over the world market. In mid 20th Century with the help of few local manufacturers of the valley the Industry was re-established and since then it has made vast progress in the world market.
No doubt the world is full of fabrics but none excels because of its unique softness, quality of texture and beauty as is the Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir. The Pashmina Shawls are more soft, lighter in weight, more warm and have an elegant look. This Luxurious fibre grows under the coarse and shaggy outer coat of a particular bread of domestic goat Capra Hircus which has its habitat in most remote regions of Himalayas. Because this delicate Dear like animal lives approx 14000 ft. above sea level. Where winter months are very severe. These special Goats grow a thin, inner coat of hair that insulates them during long, harsh Himalayan winters. It is this unique inner coat of hair that is used to Produce Pashmina. Each hair is about 1/6th The diameter of most other types of hair and is still surprisingly durable.
MAKING OF PASHMINA SHAWLS:
The first step is to get rid it of the coars hair. This process is done by hand, each small Pashmina being teased out and hair removed one by one in the process a great dust also come out, to rid the Pashmina of its natural oiliness. It is then thoroughly beaten with flour made from soaked & ground rice, this is applied clamp and rubbed the Pashmina is then teased out once more, tuft by tuft on a small wooden Charkha. This ancient treatment of the raw material is still in Practice. It makes raw wool soft and whiter and the material is ready for spinning on a Kashmiri spinning wheel or “Yender” which is made of wood and is about 3 feet in length with a wheel on one side & thin Iron rod about 12 inches fixed in Two glass spindles on the other side. It is turned by means of a handle and another cord passing over the rim transfers the movement from the wheel to the spindle. The yarn mounted on hanks from the pritz, a large reel with a handle, using the simple mean of two large nails set 20cms apart in a wooden bank, the banks will be divided into 20 thread bundles tied with colour cotton.
The Yarn from the bundles is taken to the weaver who takes a week or so to fix the thread of the wrap on the loom of a tiny frame made of wood with 4 to 8 slings below the weaver’s feet. The welf is made into cones mounted on the straws by using the old tradition of transferring the yarn from the wooden spool to spinning wheel. Now the weavers starts his job of weaving the cloth of shawls on the looms with his hands & feet. A weaver weaves 4 to 6 inches of cloth in a day after bringing the cloth from the loom the same cloth is sent to washing in a herbal soap of Kashmir in a running water and then it is dyed by hand and gets ready for embroider, some are just made plain.
MAKING OF PAPIER MACHIE:
At the time of Mughal period this art has started to grow. It was in late 16th Century that a few French shawl Agents happened to see the unusual craft of Papier Machie in Kashmir. On return to their Country they spread the art of Papier Machie. The demand for Papier Machie started to increase. The agents from European countries began to suggest items for Europe. Some times fine Pashmina shawls were sent to France in Papier Machie Boxes. Hence, it is this stage that western people came to know about the this art by its French name Papier Machie. Now in modern world the art of Papier Machie has held its own identity in the hearts of the people.
Making of Papier Machie is divided into two categories. The first making of object and the second one is Painting of the object. To prepare the objects, one has to grind cloth, rice and tree glue to form a paste. The paste is poured into moulds made of wood by craftsmen. After the pulp has dried and have taken required shapes, it is then carefully taken out of the moulds. The surface of the item is then pasted with tissue paper in the form of layers to produce a very fine surface. It is then ready for the grand coat of colour (The Naquash). Then the colours for painting the Papier Machie objects is prepared & a long processed traditional colours are used. The design used in Papier Machie are very intricate hence this application requires great deal of skill. The designs are painted free hand. Finally, lacquer coat is used for giving the required finishing touch to the object.